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2021年4月海南00838语言与文化自考试卷

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全国2021年4月高等教育自学考试

 

语言与文化试题

 

课程代码:00838

 

1.请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂.写在答题纸上。

 

2.答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。

 

选择题部分

 

注意事项:

 

每小题选出答案后.用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。

 

I. Each of the following incomplete statements is followed by four alternatives. Readeach statement and the four alternatives carefully and decide which of the fouralternatives best completes the statement. (20%)

 

1. "Large C culture" refers to culture in its________sense.

 

A. narrow

 

B. broad

 

C. historical

 

D. national

 

2. Communication among people from different cultural backgrounds is called________communication.

 

A. verbal

 

B. local

 

C. intercultural

 

D. international

 

3. The chief Christian feast, which celebrates the Resurrection of Christ, is___________.

 

A. Easter

 

B. Boxing Day

 

C. Thanksgiving Day

 

D. Christmas

 

4. "Statesman" and“politician" are mainly distinguished by their________meaning.

 

A. conceptual

 

B. stylistic

 

C. reflected

 

D. connotative

 

5. In any language, linguistic units are related in____ ways.

 

A. meaningful

 

B. careful

 

C. deductive

 

D. inductive

 

6. English verbs may vary their forms to indicate the subjunctive mood which flls into two categories. One is called the present subjunctive and the other the_____ subjunctive.

 

A. formulaic

 

B. mandative

 

C. past

 

D. perfective

 

7. "Good night" is usually used as an expression of.________

 

A. farewell

 

B. greeting

 

C. congratulation

 

D. inquiring

 

8. It is quite common for a male English speaker to_____ females on their good looks, while it is almost a taboo in Chinese culture.

 

A. criticize

 

B. ignore

 

C. judge

 

D. compliment

 

9. As defined in dictionary,________are implied or indirect references.

 

A. idioms

 

B. allusions

 

C. phrases ;

 

D. proverbs

 

10. If you refuse to do something, no matter how great the reward and compensation may be,you'll say“__________

 

A. No man is an island

 

B. Just what the doctor ordered

 

C. Not for all the tea in China

 

D. Not to bat an eyelid

 

11. The metaphorical expression "Now there is a theory you can really sink your teeth into"indicates that ideas are________,

 

A. people

 

B. food

 

C. plants

 

D. products

 

12. Which of the fllowing metaphorical expressions indicates that love is a patient?

 

A. This is a sick relationship.

 

B. She drives me out of my mind.

 

C. He is known for his many rapid conquests.

 

D. There is incredible energy in their relationship.

 

13. When“不敢当”is used to respond to“You're one of the top scholars in the field", it might be translated as“___________

 

A. Not really

 

B. I'll be glad to

 

C. You praised me too much

 

D. I'm honoured, but I'm not sure I'm the right person

 

14. Which of the following questions is NOT considered taboo in English culture?

 

A. May I know your age?

 

B. Do you go to church?

 

C. What is your nationality?

 

D. Are you married or single?

 

15. The logical relationship between the following sentences is the____ relationship.

 

e.g For the whole day he climbed up the steep mountainside, almost without stopping.

 

Then, as dusk fell, he sat down to rest.

 

A. temporal

 

B. adversative

 

C. causal

 

D. additive

 

16. Which of the fllowing phrases can be used to show additive relations?

 

A. either way

 

B. in other words

 

C. in a moment

 

D. so far

 

17. Advertising is the____ communication usually paid for and usually persuasive in nature about products, service or ideas by identified sponsors through different media.

 

A. interpersonal

 

B. nonpersonal

 

C. two-way

 

D. intercultural

 

18. A distinctive feature of English brand names is that many of them sound exotic, being words borrowed from other cultures, such as“________

 

A. Kent

 

B. Rolex

 

C. Chanel

 

D. Salem

 

19. Facial expressions, postures, and other behaviors that provide information about the emotional states or moods of a person are________

 

A. ilustrators

 

B. regulators

 

C. physical emblems

 

D. affect displays

 

20. The distance used by colleagues who discuss academic topics belongs to the,________.zone.

 

A. intimate

 

B. casual-personal

 

C. socio-consultative

 

D. public

 

II. Each of the following incomplete statements is followed by four alternatives. Read each statement and the four alternatives carefully and decide which alternatives cancomplete the statement. There is more than one correct answer to each question.(10%)

 

21. Which of the following are the properties of language?

 

A. Language is uniquely unhuman.

 

B. Language is symbolic for its arbitrariness.

 

C. Language is used for communication.

 

D. Language is used to understand and describe the world.

 

22. Among the fllowing words or expressions,“__________” refers to geography related features in English.

 

A. the Thames

 

B. kangaroo

 

C. The May Flower

 

D. queen

 

23. English verbs vary in form to represent diferent ________in many cases, with the aid of

 

auxiliary verbs.

 

A. meanings

 

B. tenses

 

C. aspects

 

D. actions

 

24. In English culture, the general rule is to introduce________.

 

A. a group to an inpidual

 

B. an older person to a young one

 

C.amantoawoman

 

D. the guest to the host

 

25. The English idiom“to hold one's head high" is equivalent to"____________” in Chinese .

 

A.昂首挺胸

 

B.趾高气扬

 

C.鹤立鸡群

 

D.充满自信

 

26. Which of the following examples show that the same qualities may be associated with different things in English and Chinese?

 

A. . That young man is a bear at mathematics.

 

B. One look at his face and we realized that a thunderstorm was about to break.

 

C. All the men in our family have been as bald as coots by the time they reached forty.

 

D. Look at your hands, boy, they're as black as coal一you can't come to the table like that,

 

27. In English, one can use euphemisms like"__________” to substitute“die" or“death".

 

A. depart

 

B. fall

 

C. go east

 

D. be with God

 

28. Which of the following sentences show hypotactic relations?

 

A.1 think he is right.

 

B. He bought tea, coffee, eggs, milk, etc.

 

C. The man ran away when he saw the dog.

 

D. Bread and butter is my favourite breakfast.

 

29. The phonetic difference between American English and British English can be found in________

 

A. this

 

B. class

 

C. hero

 

D. begin

 

30. Eye behaviors have qualities of___________.

 

A. saliency .

 

B. repetition

 

C. arousal

 

D. involvement

 

非选择题部分

 

注意事项:

 

用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。

 

IL. Fill in each underlined space with a proper expression. (20%)

 

31. Language is vocal. This statement means that_____ is the primary medium oflanguage, while writing is secondary.

 

32. The drink of spirits mixed with others or with various flavorings is called.________

 

33. It is often said that English is a language with explicit grammar and Chinese a language with________ grammar.

 

34. For Chinese learners of English, it is important to note that many casual ________in Chinese cannot be carried over into English and used as greetings when they meet English speakers.

 

35. The English idiom for something that is inffensive but feeble or colorless is________

 

36. As one of the commonest figures of speech,__________ is used in the sentence“His wordsstabbed at her heart".

 

37. In order to avoid sexism,“_________” is used to refer to a male or female who presides a meeting instead of chairman.

 

38. Only those collections of sentences that consist of sentences.________in certain ways can be regarded as text,

 

39. The translation equivalent of“运动鞋”is “gym shoes” in British English and________”in American English.

 

40. Nonverbal communication is anything someone does to which someone else assigns________

 

IV. Answer the following questions briefly. (12%)

 

41. List three properties of culture.

 

42. What is thematic meaning?

 

43. How did the regional dialects like American English or Australian English come into being?

 

44. What basic categories can human territories be classified into?”

 

V. Translation. (18%)

 

45. green-eyed

 

46. May I have your name, please? (Note: Translate it into Chinese honorifics.)

 

47. keep one's nose clean

 

48.了如指掌

 

49.金无足赤,人无完人。

 

50.一他没告诉你该干什么吗? 一对, 没有。

 

VI. Discuss the following topics. (20%)

 

51. Compare the following pairs of sentences, find out the contrast of word order between English and Chinese and offer a possible cultural explanation.

 

(1) The young man who is stting between Mary and John is the editor of our campus newspaper.

 

(2)坐在玛丽和约翰之间的年轻人是校报的编辑。

 

52. Discuss the associative meanings of“red”and“红”by analyzing the fllowing examples: “红喜事”,"a red ltter day",“red tape", "waving a red flag”.


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